What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?

What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?

Knowing how to identify the symptoms of testicular cancer increases the chances of diagnosing the disease early and thus benefit from early treatment that promotes a permanent cure. In some cases, testicular cancer is discovered during a routine examination or self-exam. If you notice an unusual bump, contact your doctor immediately.

The testicles are the male sex glands responsible for sperm production and the production of testosterone, the male sex hormone. Because of this, doctors believe that the testicles are part of both the endocrine system (regulation of the body by hormones) and the male reproductive system. In a healthy male, reproductive cells called “germ cells” develop into spermatozoa during cell division.

What are the possible causes of testicular cancer?

From a purely biological point of view, testicular cancer occurs when malignant (cancer) cells grow in the tissues of one or (rarely) both testicles. The testicles are the two sex glands in forms small balls that are inside the skin bag under the penis, scrotum. The testicles are responsible in the human reproductive system for the production of sperm and the hormone testosterone. If it affects just over 2,300 men a year, if diagnosed early, Testicular cancer is more than 90% curable, with a five-year survival rate after treatment of 98% in men in their 20s compared with 94% in men in their 60s, according to the National Cancer Institute..

What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?

Sometimes, for some reason that has not yet been clarified by researchers, germ cells begin to divide uncontrollably. In this case, instead of producing normal sperm, germ cells make countless copies of themselves. This is when doctors talk about cancer cells. This process of uncontrolled division can also occur in other types of testicular cells, but according to Cancer Research Foundation, almost 95% of testicular cancers affect the germ cells. Testicular cancer is relatively rare: it accounts for only 1–2% of cancers that affect men., according to the same source. However, it is a cancer of young men: it most often occurs in men between the ages of 15 and 35.

Testicular Cancer Symptoms: When to Worry?

Some of the symptoms of testicular cancer are common with other abnormalities or benign conditions. If in doubt, you should consult your doctor to determine the cause of the change in the appearance of your testicle. The most common symptoms of testicular cancer are:

  • the appearance of hard masses (“nodules”) on one or both testicles;
  • change in the appearance of the testicle;
  • swelling of the scrotum caused by the accumulation of fluid;
  • shooting pain in the lower abdomen or in the scrotum;
  • a feeling of discomfort, discomfort, or heaviness in the scrotum;
  • Enlargement or swelling of the nipples caused by cancer cells that secrete hormones that stimulate breast growth..

Note: Some types of testicular cancer are asymptomatic.

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