King Mohammed VI, the architect of diplomacy in accordance with his age

King Mohammed VI, the architect of diplomacy in accordance with his age

By SEM. Omar Hilal

Ambassador Permanent Representative of Morocco to the United Nations

The arrival of His Majesty King Muhammad VI, may God help him, on the throne of his illustrious ancestors was the beginning of a new era in the history of the Kingdom and a step in the structuring of its diplomacy.

Thus, Morocco began the new millennium with a young Sovereign who elevated it to the pinnacle of international diplomacy, which gave it brilliance both regionally and internationally.

Twenty-four years later, Morocco occupies a place on the world stage that is as much admired and respected as it is jealous and sometimes fought against. It is the result of a royal vision imbued with wisdom and a great sense of responsibility, arising from his enlightened, courageous and modernist policy, which maintains the ancestral values ​​of Cherifian diplomacy and integrates the paradigms of modernity.

Indeed, Morocco, guided by the High Royal Guidelines, has for more than two decades pursued an unfettered, proactive, unified foreign policy, in line with the changing realities of a multipolar world and equipped to face the multiple and multidimensional challenges of a tormented planet.

This proactive diplomacy, desired by the Sovereign, is divided into three areas: firmness in the defense of the Kingdom’s superior interests, adherence to international law and universal values, and diversification of its alliances and partnerships, in an ever-changing geopolitical situation.

The genius of royal diplomacy was to combine firmness, on the topic of the irreversibility of the return of the Sahara to its mother Morocco, with political openness for the final solution of this regional dispute, accompanied by a policy of a hand that is constantly stretched towards Algeria. neighbor.

Encouraged by the leadership of its sovereign, Moroccan diplomacy has recorded astonishing developments before international bodies, with the increasing recognition of Morocco of the Sahara and the support of almost a hundred countries for its Autonomy Initiative, considered in all successive resolutions of the Security Council, since its presentation in 2007, as serious and credible. At the same time, the opening of dozens of consulates general in Laayoune and Dakhla greatly strengthened the legitimacy of the Moroccan position.

At the continental level, the Sovereign insisted from the first years of his reign on giving an African dimension to his diplomacy, freed from institutional contingencies and based on appropriating the aspirations of African countries, partnership for their economic development and solidarity. to jointly respond to their security, food and climate challenges. In this context, he multiplied his visits to fraternal African countries, thus becoming one of the heads of state who visited the largest number of countries on the continent in a short period of time. In this context, the Kingdom’s return to its family and its African “home” was an exciting moment for the Royal High Diplomacy.

The credibility enjoyed by His Majesty the King on the international stage has given a qualitative boost to the Kingdom’s diplomacy, becoming a key player in regional and international affairs, as well as a destination for major world events.

Whether it is about sustainable development, climate change, peace and security, migration or human rights, Morocco is always present through the strength of its advocacy and the relevance of its initiatives, making it a reliable, responsible and committed partner in facing these global challenges.

In the framework of climate multilateralism, His Majesty the King initiated the African Summit, on the margins of COP22, held in Marrakesh in 2016. This was another act of proactive diplomacy advocated by the Sovereign. Indeed, during this summit, several leading regional initiatives were launched, adapted to the African reality, which contributed to the emergence of African resilience in the face of global warming. These include the three climate commissions for Africa, namely the Congo Basin Commission, the Sahel Region Commission and the Island States Commission. Apart from the Triple A initiative to adapt African agriculture to climate change and the 3S initiative for sustainability, stability and security in Africa.

Moreover, and in accordance with the High Directives of His Majesty King Mohammed VI, Morocco has made humanitarian action a fundamental pillar of its foreign policy. Thus, the Kingdom has always been among the first countries to provide humanitarian aid to refugees, internally displaced persons and populations affected by natural disasters or armed conflicts in emergency situations. From Bangladesh to Honduras, through Jordan, South Sudan and Madagascar, or even Palestine, Pakistan, Guatemala and Tunisia, Morocco’s humanitarian action is unanimously appreciated and welcomed by the United Nations and non-governmental organizations, international humanitarian organizations.

Those same humanitarian and solidarity principles presided over Morocco in managing the phenomenon of migration. This convinced African heads of state to appoint His Majesty King Mohammed VI as Africa’s leader on migration, entrusting him with the development of the African Migration Agenda.

Finally, the Kingdom of Morocco has distinguished itself throughout the centuries as a country of welcome, tolerance and coexistence among religions. This specificity, reinforced by the stature of His Majesty the King as commander of the faithful, makes royal diplomacy a messenger of peace and dialogue between civilizations and cultures, and the Kingdom a land of meeting and rapprochement. for building a UN consensus that is forever inscribed in the annals of the United Nations, proudly bearing the names of several Moroccan cities.

Thus, the spirit of Morocco has made it possible to overcome differences on very sensitive topics in the direction of global convergence, as was the case with the Fez Action Plan on the role of religious leaders in preventing incitement to violence that could lead to atrocities, the Marrakesh Declaration on the Rights of Religious Minorities or the Rabat Action Plan on the prohibition of any advocacy of national, racial or religious hatred.

Diplomacy is traditionally defined as the art of the impossible. In Morocco, the diplomacy of His Majesty King Mohammed VI combines the art of persuasion, faith in one’s own cause, firmness in the face of adversity, loyalty in commitment and the virtue of consensus.

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