what are the symptoms and causes of this deadly disease?

what are the symptoms and causes of this deadly disease?

Colorectal cancer, one of the most common types of cancer worldwide, affects the colon or rectum. Because symptoms often do not appear at first, early detection remains crucial.

There are 37,413 new cases and 16,865 deaths reported annually. colorectal cancer in France it is the third most common cancer. It appears immediately after prostate and breast cancer. According to the National Cancer Institute (INCA), ” (it) most often develops from an adenomatous polyp, also called an adenoma. Of the various types of adenomatous polyps, the greatest risk of developing into cancer is villous adenoma (5% of polyps).. » Lifestyle (poor food hygiene, excessive consumption of red meat and sausages, smoking, sedentary lifestyle) is the main risk factor.

Symptoms of colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer can have different symptoms, but these can vary from person to person. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  1. Changes in bowel habits such as diarrheadiarrhea, constipationconstipation or changes in stool consistency.
  2. Blood in the stool or rectal bleeding.
  3. PainPain persistent abdominal pain, cramping or discomfort.
  4. Feeling bloated or feeling like your bowels are not emptying completely.
  5. Constant fatigue or weakness.

  6. Unexplained weight loss.
  7. Feeling of urgent need to empty the bowels.
  8. AnemiaAnemia due to blood loss in stool

Causes of colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer is a disease that develops gradually and is influenced by various risk factors. Hereditary genetic mutations, including syndromesyndrome Lynch and adenomatous polyposisadenomatous polyposis a family or personal history of polyps or colorectal cancer increases the risk. Also, older age, diet high in red meat and low in fiber, sedentary lifestyle, smoking, excessive alcohol consumption.obesityobesity and inflammatory bowel disease are also associated with increased risk. To reduce these risks, lead a healthy lifestyle and participate in health programs. screeningscreening Recommended and regular consultations with a doctor are necessary measures.

Treatment of colorectal cancer

Treatment is mainly based on operationoperation or rather onablationablation sore part coloncolon. Doctors may also suggest protocolprotocol treatment based on radiation therapyradiation therapy and/or chemotherapychemotherapy.

We emphasize that there are families at risk. Colon cancerColon cancer. After years of delay, France adopted a national screening policy for people aged 50 to 74 years.

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