Measles: Cases rebound in France
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Measles: Cases rebound in France

Measles: A disease that cannot be underestimated

Measles is a highly contagious viral infection. It is characterized by high fever, characteristic rash, cough and runny nose. Complications can be serious (pneumonia, encephalitis, etc.), especially in young children, people with weakened immune systems and unvaccinated adults, which can sometimes lead to the death of the infected person.

Vaccination: An Important Tool for Measles Prevention

Vaccination remains the most effective way to prevent measles. It is based on two doses of the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella) vaccine, which are usually given to young children at 12 months of age and again at 16 to 18 months of age. High vaccination coverage is necessary to limit circulation of the virus and protect the most vulnerable groups of the population.

Anticipate and prevent

The following vaccination strategies are recommended to control and prevent the spread of measles:

  • Vaccination of infants : Two doses of MMR vaccine: the first at 12 months of age, the second at 16 to 18 months of age.
  • Catch-up vaccinations : For unvaccinated or partially vaccinated children, adolescents and adults.
  • Immunization of healthcare workers : Especially those who work with risk groups, including in maternity and pediatric wards.

Please note: Measles, mumps and rubella vaccination is contraindicated during pregnancy.

Around the measles case

Anyone who has been in contact with someone with measles should make sure they are adequately protected from the disease themselves.. If you have not been vaccinated before or in childhood, you can get vaccinated at any age by a private doctor in the city, at a clinic or free vaccination center, at the PASS and at the PMI for children under 6 years old.

Specific recommendations(DGS-Urgent 2024_04 AND INSTRUCTION No. DGS/SP/SP1/2018/205 of 28 September 2018 on actions to be taken in the event of one or more cases of measles), intended for health care workers, can assist them in the management of contacts of measles cases for emergency vaccination and/or immunoglobulin injections for subjects who would not benefit from vaccination (pregnant women, young children, immunocompromised individuals, etc.).

Additional preventive measures

Wearing a mask remains an effective barrier measure, especially for people with respiratory symptoms. Masks provide individual and collective protection, reducing the risk of measles transmission to vulnerable people, such as infants who have not yet been vaccinated.

Measles reporting

Measles is a notifiable disease, so it is essential that all cases are reported to the Regional Health Agency. Download it here Surf.

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